Le Jeune Homme et La Mort was choreographed by Roland Petit choreographed in 1946 to Bach’s Passacaglia and Fugue in C Minor, BWV 582, with a one-act libretto by Jean Cocteau. It tells the story of a Young Man driven to suicide by his faithless lover. Sets were by George Wakhevitch and costumes variously reported as being by Karinska or Cocteau.
Petit is purported to have created Le Jeune Homme et La Mort for his wife Zizi Jeanmaire, but it was danced by Jean Babilee and Nathalie Philippartat at its 25 June 1946 premiere at the Ballets des Champs-Elysees with costumes by Tom Keogh. In 1951, Petit staged the ballet at American Ballet Theatre. In 1966, he filmed the ballet in France with Rudolf Nureyev and Zizi Jeanmaire.